• INTRODUCTION
  • CRANIAL
  • SAGITTAL
  • VERTICAL
  • DENTAL
  • SOFT TISSUE
  • LANDMARK DEF
  • LANDMARK REF
  • CONCLUSIONS

CEPHALOMETRIC MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

PURPOSE

  • To Analyze, Describe and Evaluate the

  • INDIVIDUAL CRANIOFACIAL MORPHOLOGY and the

  • DENTOALVEOLAR COMPENSATIONS.

  • To evaluate the influence from Functional Disorders.

  • To create the basis for Growth and Treatment Analyses and Growth and Treatment Simulation.

On the following pages ....

Jens Bjoern-Joergensen, DDS, TIOPS ApS, Roskilde, Denmark

Ib Leth Nielsen, DDS, Division of Orthodontics, University of California, San Francisco

To be explained ....

INTERPRETATION: Refects the anterior-posterior position of the glenoid fossa and is a determinant of the position of the mandible in the sagittal plane

INTERPRETATION: Refects the anterior-posterior position of the maxillary complex

INTERPRETATION: Indicates the degree of flexion between the head in natural balanced position and the cervical spine. It is assumed to be a relation between the head balance and the facial growth rotation

INTERPRETATION: Refects difference between the nasion sella line and the true horizontal plane

CRANIAL VAR to be continued

INTERPRETATION: A low angle reflects a square mandible with a possible tendency to anterior growth rotation and v.v.

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the relation between the height and the lenght og the mandible

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the position of the maxilla in relation to the cranial base

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the position of the mandible in relation to the cranial base

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the position of the basal part of the mandible in relation to the cranial base

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the sagittal relation between the jaws

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the sagittal relation between the jaw bases

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the degree of adaptation of the occlusal plane to the actual jaw relations. A larger angle is equal to a increased sagittal jaw relation and v.v.

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the degree of adaptation of the occlusal plane to the actual jaw base relations. A larger angle is equal to a increased sagittal jaw base relation and v.v.

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the inclination of the palatal part of the maxilla in relation to the cranial base. The inclination of the nasal line is highly adaptive due to resorption and apposition

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the tilt of the occlusal plane

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the inclination of the mandible relation to the cranial base. The inclination of the mandibular line is highly adaptive due to resorption and apposition

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the vertical relation between the jaws

INTERPRETATION: Represents the extent of the sagittal malocclusion measured at the incisors

INTERPRETATION: Represents the extent of the vertical malocclusion measured at the incisors

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the degree of compensation or dysplasia of the alveolar part of the upper dentition in relation to the sagittal jaw relation

INTERPRETATION: Reflects the degree of compensation or dysplasia of the upper incisors in relation to the sagittal jaw relation

DENTAL VAR to be continued

INTERPRETATION: Reflects ...

SOFT TISSUE VAR to be continued

CEPHALOMERIC LANDMARKS

The definitions of the Cephalometric Landmarks included in the Standard (S), the Blueprint (B), the RightLeftFront(R), the SurgArticPlanning (U) and the Snake(N) Digitizing Regimens

Mandatory Landmark
Skippable Landmark

Anterior Cranial Base

Nasion Regimens: All Sella Anterior Regimens: All Sella Regimens: All

Cervical Vertebrae

SecondCervVertApex Regimens: B/R/N SecondCervVertTang Regimens: B/R/N SecondCervVertInf Regimens: B/R/N
FourthCervVertInf Regimens: B/R/N

Nasal Bone and Medial Cranial Base

Nasal Bone Regimens: B Basion Regimens: All

Mandible

Condylion Regimens: All Articulare Regimens: All Ramus Line Superior Regimens: All
Ramus Line Inferior Regimens: All Gonion Regimens: All Mandibular Line Post Regimens: All
Antegonion Regimens: All Mandibular Line Ant Regimens: All Supramentale Regimens: All
Suprapogonion Regimens: All Pogonion Regimens: All Prognathion Regimens: All
Gnathion Regimens: All Symfysion Regimens: All Mandibular Reference Regimens: All

Maxilla

Pterygomaxillare Regimens: All Palation Regimens: All Subspinale Regimens: All
SpinalPoint Regimens: All Maxillar Reference 1 Regimens: All Maxillar Reference 2 Regimens: All

Teeth

Incisal Inferior Incisor Regimens: All Apex Inferior Incisor Regimens: All Lower Molar Regimens: All
Upper Incisor Regimens: All Upper Molar Regimens: All Bicuspid Occlusal Point Regimens: All

Soft Tissue

Frontal Tangent Regimens: All Supraglabellare Soft Regimens: All Glabella Soft Regimens: All
Nasion Soft Regimens: All Dorsum Nasi Regimens: All Upper Nasal Tangent Regimens: All
Pronasale Regimens: All Lower Nasial Tangent Regimens: All Nasal Septum Tangent Regimens: All
Subnasale Regimens: All Subspinale Soft Regimens: All Labrale Superior Regimens: All
Labial Superior Tangent Regimens: All Stomion Superior Regimens: All Stomion Inferior Regimens: All
Labial Inferior Tangent Regimens: All Labrale Inferior Regimens: All Lower Labial Tangent Regimens: All
Supramentale Soft Regimens: All Pogonion Soft Regimens: All Chin Tangent Regimens: All
Prognathion Soft Regimens: All Gnathion Soft Regimens: All Submentale Regimens: All

Os Hyoideum

Hyoideon Regimens: All

Adenoids

TuberMaxillae Regimens: All AdenoidProminence1 Regimens: All AdenoidProminence2 Regimens: All

Additional Photo Landmarks

PhotoReference Regimens: All ProLabraleSup Regimens: All LabraleSup Regimens: All
LabialSupTangent Regimens: All StomionSup Regimens: All CommissLabrale Regimens: All
StomionInf Regimens: All LabialInfTangent Regimens: All LabraleInf Regimens: All
ProLabraleInf Regimens: All LowerLabialTangent Regimens: All Sublabiale Regimens: All

Page 1 Lateral Landmarks Skeletal

 

Page 2 Lateral Landmarks Skeletal

 

Page 3 Lateral Landmarks Teeth

 

Page 4 Lateral Landmarks Soft Tissue

 

Page 5 Lateral Landmarks Calculated and Reference Lines

 

Page 6 Frontal Landmarks

 

Page 7 Frontal Landmarks

 

Page 8 Lower Arch Landmarks

 

Page 9 Lower Arch Landmarks

 

Page 10 Upper Arch Landmarks

 

Page 11 Upper Arch Landmarks

Pellentesque arcu. Vestibulum consequat nisi a ipsum vulputate vehicula. Aliquam lacus diam, ultricies vel, interdum eget, posuere non, tellus. Donec vel ligula. Sed felis.